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We will create a robot car that can lead and warn a blind person about incoming obstacles. Once an obstacle has been detected the robot will send some form of message to the leadee's phone to alert them there is an obstacle and then the robot will take appropriate measures to avoid the obstacle and continue leading the blind human elsewhere. The robot will use micro processor, motors and sensors to determine the position of an incoming object on its way and then accordingly adjust direction in order to avoid a crash. Our motivation for this project is to learn about some of the applications of autonomous cars and to build off a previous groups project which can be found here (Link) Also, here are some of the resources we are drawing from to create this project (link), (link) The main improvements we will be making on these projects is to give them the application of leading a person. This means the robot will need new programmable code in order to execute it's leading task and code to create a fully functioning app to assist the follower.

Team Members

Daniel Sullivan, Novi Wang, Andrew O'Sullivan (TA)


A successful project will at the end be an autonomous vehicle leading a person and stopping when an obstacle is encountered. This means the distance sensor is clearly sending information back to the Arduino to detect obstacles while also staying in front of the follower, which means there must be a signal on the person telling the robot how close the person is. Both the motor and Bluetooth shields are connected and working with the driver codes to be written. The robot is sending signals via Bluetooth when there is an obstacle ahead. The follower's phone is receiving these signals and an app message should convey some meaningful information, such as vibrating the phone and using the speakers to tell the follower which new direction the robot is going to avoid a crash. At the end of the semester we will demonstrate our project by putting the vehicle on the ground, blindfold a project member and have the robot lead the member away from obstacles.


The main challenges are building, connecting and sorting all the electronics together, learning how to program in Arduino and how to communicate between the robot and our phone using Bluetooth, synchronizing all the sensors to work together and creating an app: either using the IOS or Android programming language. We will spend extra time on exploring how to program in Arduino by looking at tutorials. We will also have to learn more on how to connect the motor shield, Bluetooth shield, and learn how to read basic circuit diagrams.

For privacy considerations we will make sure to constantly monitor the robot to make sure the robot doesn't go into any rooms unattended. For user safety, along with carefully watching the robot to make sure it doesn't crash we will also add bright caution tape to make sure no one steps on it. We will look into setting a pass code for blue tooth connection to prevent malicious attacks and take over. To keep the operation cost below 150 dollars the robot will be kept small. This robot is electric and leaves a small carbon footprint.


  • Arduino Motor Shield R3, for $24.97 at Amazon (Link)
    • Motor shield will control the two motors on the robot
  • 7 sensors: HC-SR04, for $5.00 at Amazon. (Link)
    • The sensor will measure distance between the robot and objects
  • BT2S Bluetooth to Serial Slave, for $14.95 at Amazon. (Bluetooth Shield is better) (Link) (Link)
    • We are considering using a Bluetooth shield for our remote connections
  • microtivity IB401, for $8.66 at Amazon. (Link)
    • Breadboard, pin, jumper wires for connections
  • Batteries, for 9.98 (Link)
    • Battery is used for power resource
  • Magician Chassis, for $29.95 at Amazon. (Link)
    • The robot car basis model

Gantt Chart