Module 2

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In Module 2, you will learn about HTML, CSS, and PHP.

This article contains your assignments for Module 2.

DO NOT WAIT UNTIL THE LAST MINUTE TO START ON THIS (or any) MODULE! The most common reason students perform poorly in this class is due to procrastination. You have been warned.

Individual Assignments

Learning HTML and CSS

You need to become familiar with HTML and CSS. Read the HTML and CSS guide to get started: HTML and CSS

Write a Birthday Card

Write a birthday card to a friend or family member using HTML and CSS. Use HTML do define the content of the card (like the headings and the paragraphs), and use CSS to define the appearance. Some ideas:

  • Make the background-color of the page baby blue and use purple ink to write a card to a little boy
  • Make the text big and red, and include pictures of hearts
  • Use a boxy font with text shadows to make your card look urban (more advanced)

Remember that you're in a computer science class (not an art class), so we don't care if your card looks ugly. The main thing is that you learn HTML and CSS and use them appropriately.

Hint: For tips on editing files, see #Tips on Editing Files farther down on this page.


Your birthday card must pass the W3C Validator with no errors. For more information see the HTML and CSS guide: HTML and CSS#Validation

Learn About Linux

Linux is an open-source operating system based on UNIX. Linux is highly versatile and is used in a wide range of applications.

If you are not a Linux guru, read the Linux guide to get started: Linux

Create an AWS EC2 Instance

Once you understand Linux, you need to set up your Amazon EC2 Instance. Use the AWS article to guide you through the process: Amazon Web Services

Configuring Your Instance

Installing Essential Packages

Recall that software installation in Linux instances is usually handled through apt (Debian) or yum (RHEL). For more information, refer to the Linux guide.

To make sure everything is working properly, install your first package(s) according to the Essential Packages subsection in the Linux guide above.

Add your Own User Account

On your EC2 instance, set up your own personal account.

For information on how to add a user account, see the Linux guide: Linux#User Management

You need to do the following things once you've created your account:

  1. Add your account to the Sudoers list. Instructions are in the Linux guide.
  2. Allow your user to log in via SSH. Instructions are in the Web Server Configuration guide: Web Server Configuration

From now on, you should log into your EC2 instance using only your own username and not the default username that Amazon gives you (ec2-user or ubuntu).

Set the Timezone

Set your server to use US Central time. Instructions are in the Linux guide: Linux#Synchronizing Date and Time

Set Up the Apache Web Server

You need to install the Apache web server on your EC2 instance. Instructions are in the Web Server Configuration guide: Web Server Configuration#Apache

In order for your web server to be accessible, you need to open up Port 80 on your EC2 instance. Instructions are in the AWS guide: Amazon Web Services#Enabling Web Access to your EC2 Instance

Enable the UserDir module in Apache. Instructions are in the Web Server Configuration guide: Web Server Configuration#Enabling the UserDir Module

Remap the UserDir module to .html Instructions are also in the Web Server Configuration guide in the same section as above.

Set Up Subversion

You need to set up subversion on your EC2 instance as well as your desktop.

This semester's Subversion repository is:

  • Replace Lastname with your last name (capitalize the first letter in the last name) and studentid with your student ID
  • Do not forget the underscore between cse330 and fl12 (NOT A SPACE)

Instructions for configuring Subversion are in the Web Server Configuration guide: Web Server Configuration#Subversion

Installing PHP

You need to install PHP on your EC2 server. Instructions are at the top of the PHP guide: PHP

You need to configure PHP to show errors. Instructions are immediately below installation in the PHP guide.

Learning the PHP Language

Before you can continue, you will need to make yourself acquainted with PHP language components. Read the PHP guide for an overview: PHP#PHP Language Components

Calculator 1

Make a calculator that uses PHP to multiply two variables provided in the URL and displays the result on a page.

Calculator 2

Make a second calculator. This one should have an HTML form for the two inputs. It can either POST back to the same page, or to a different result page. In addition to multiplication, this page should support addition, subtraction, and division, by means of a radio button group on the page.

Group Project

You will work in pairs (that means you and one other person) on this project.

Important Reminder: frequently commit your work to your subversion repository as a backup!

Simple File Management Site

You will be making a simple file management site that supports uploading, viewing, and deleting files associated with various usernames. Details:

  • You should have a file named users.txt stored in a secure place on your filesystem. It should have one username per line.
  • Users need to specify their username before they can sign into your site. You should check to see if their username is present in users.txt. (Passwords add an extra layer of complexity that we will cover in a later module.)
  • Use PHP Session variables to keep track of the user who is logged in.
  • Once in the system, you will present the available files for that user. The user then can delete these files, display/open them, or upload new files.
  • A user should be able to see only his/her own files.
  • When a user logs out, all files should be inaccessible until logging back in.
  • You need to support at least 3 different users.
    • Registering new users is NOT necessary (although you may do so for part of the creative portion)
  • The url should NOT reveal internal file structure (including file names, so don't just link to the actual file on the web page!)
    In general, don't reveal any internal information about the site.
  • Food for thought: Given that Apache processes (with the exception of the main process) do not run as root, but rather as the user apache, how can you allow both your user account and the php scripts to read and write the necessary files?
  • Creative portion: add an extra function to the site.
    • It must be non-trivial, and involve learning outside the instructions provided in the class materials
    • This idea needs to be approved by the TAs/Professor. Discuss it with at least one TA or the professor before proceeding.
    • Note that the creative portion is worth double the points of a regular task. Creative portions will not be given full credit if they are too simple, or are simply rehashed things that you've already done (whether it be in this or previous modules).

You will probably find the PHP guide on this wiki to be helpful: PHP#Other PHP Tips

Web Security and Validation

Your project needs to demonstrate that thought was put into web security and best practice. For more information, see this week's Web Application Security guide: Web Application Security, Part 1

In particular:

  • Your application needs to be safe from CSRF attacks. That is, you should pass tokens when uploading and deleting files in order to prevent request forgeries.
  • Your project must pass the W3C Validator with no errors. For more information, see the HTML and CSS guide: HTML and CSS#Validation

Tips on Editing Files

You should tune your development environment to save you headaches throughout the semester. Instructions: Text Editing


Due Date: Monday September 24th, by 1 PM (both individual and group)

Assignment Points
Birthday Card Content 1
Birthday Card Validation 1
Calculator 1 1
Calculator 2 2
Group Portion:
Multi-User Login 1
Logout Mechanism 1
Can't Access Other Users' Files 1
Can't See File/Directory Structure 1
Can Upload New Files 1
Can View/Download Files 1
Can Delete Files 1
Cross-Site Request Forgery Safe 1
Validation 1
Creative Portion 2

Grading (refactored from Module 1)

Due Date: Sept 10th 2012 by 1 PM

If you have questions, head on over to the CSE 330 Google Group. The TA's will be busy grading on Monday and likely won't be able to provide assistance in class.

Make sure to read the Web Server Configuration wiki for more specific instructions on tasks 3 and 4: Web Server Configuration

You will be asked to do the following in front of a TA (you should make sure everything is working properly and you know what to do before you sign up to demo):

  1. Connect to your ec2 instance
  2. Display the current time on your ec2 instance
  3. Show the test file at (note that ~yourUserName cannot be ec2-user!)
  4. Show the text helloFrom___ files connected to your subversion repository. You will be asked to make and commit changes in front of the TA.
Assignment Points
Creating your VM 1
Working SSH 1
Working user account 1
Working NTP (correct time zone) 1
Remap userdir 1
Apache Setup 1
SVN setup on Amazon Instance 1
SVN setup on Eclipse 1